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      Business report格式范文:Business report on a hotel

      時間:2021-09-16 09:36來源:www.nguoikontum.com 作者:cinq 點擊:
      Business report寫作格式是怎么樣的?本文是一篇國外Business report格式范文,關于酒店商務報告。主要任務是任何好的商業問題或機會準備一份詳細的商業研究報告,或者可以根據與研究所有關的問題或其他一些因素準備一份Business report。本學期report的目的是提高在實踐和研究技能方面的專業技能。以下內容是小編精選的一篇國外大學作業Business report格式范文,供各位參考。
      Business report
      Business report格式
      I have given you the assignment of preparing a detailed business research report on any good business problem or opportunity or may be you can prepare a report based on a problem related to your institute or may be on some other factors. The purpose of this term report is to enhance your professional skills in terms of practicality and research skills. The body of report should be prepared and presented to me by November 8, 2011.
      它應該是一項調查研究,以收集原始數據。您可以使用輔助來源來收集信息。我想讓你使用SPSS軟件提供和分析數據。如果你能用視覺輔助工具來支持你的發現,這會更好,因為視覺輔助工具能以更有意義的形式來說明事實。
      It should be a survey research for the collection of primary data. You may use secondary sources for gathering information. I would like you to make use of SPSS software for feeding and analyzing the data. It would be better if you support your findings with visual aids that would illustrate the facts in a more meaningful form.
      宿舍是學生、家庭、回款人和其他旅行者可以住宿的設施。巴基斯坦的招待所設施水平很低,主要原因是自我滿意度。作為一名學生,我們不太有信心利用校園內的宿舍設施。此外,宿舍費用、保安、房間安全和大小也是不使用宿舍設施的主要因素。這些問題在世界各地都有發生,但我們想知道巴基斯坦旅館設施低趨勢背后的核心原因。我們通過精心設計的問卷收集了相關數據,并采訪了一些IoBM的學生。
      A hostel is a facility where students, families, back payers and other travelers can stay. The trend of hostel facility is very low in Pakistan, the main reason of which is self satisfaction. We are not quite confident as a student to avail the hostel facility within the campus. Also the hostel fees, security, room safety and size are the main factors of not availing the hostel facility. These issues happen to take place everywhere but we wanted to know the core reasons behind the low trend of hostel facility in Pakistan. We have collected relevant data via well designed questionnaires and interviewed some of the students of IoBM.
      我們使用SPSS軟件對數據進行制表和分析。結果表明,IoBM的學生意識到這一概念,并傾向于使用宿舍設施,但諸如財務問題和這些服務的安全性不可信等因素阻礙了學生使用這一設施。如果考慮到相應的改進,那么在不久的將來,此類服務在IoBM中蓬勃發展的機會很大,這反過來將有利于IoBM的學術進步。
      We tabulated and analyzed our data using SPSS software. The results interpret that the students of IoBM are aware of this concept and have the tendency to avail the hostel facility but factors like financial issues and security of these services not being trustworthy is refraining the students from availing this facility. If the respective improvements are considered then there is a high opportunity for such services to flourish in IoBM in the near future which in turn will benefit the academic progress of IoBM.
      LITERATURE REVIEW 文獻綜述
      旅舍是一種價格低廉的設施,學生、家庭、背包客和其他旅行者可以在此住宿。但在我們的研究中,我們只把重點放在學生身上,讓他們能夠利用這個機會。
      A hostel is a low-priced facility where students, families, backpackers and other travelers can stay. But in our research we are only focusing on students to avail this opportunity if provided to them.
      本研究的主要目的是確定預測大學生對所住學生宿舍滿意度的最重要因素。本研究還將探討住在校園內宿舍的學生與住在自己家里的學生在滿意度水平上的差異。
      The primary purpose of this research is to identify the most important factors that predict undergraduate student’s level of satisfaction with the student hostels they are living in. This research will also explore the difference in the satisfaction levels of students living in hostels within the campus and the ones who live in their own houses and homes etc.
      基于文獻回顧,我們假設“這兩組學生的滿意度水平是否存在差異”。這意味著將使用此設施的人和不使用此類設施(如果提供給他們)的人。             
      Based on literature review, our hypothesized will be “is there any difference in the satisfaction level between these two groups of students”. This means the ones who will avail this facility and the ones who will not avail this type of facility if provided to them.
      在我們的研究中,最重要的因素或關鍵詞是“滿意度”。
      In our research the most important factor or the keyword would be ‘satisfaction’.
      例如,對學費的滿意度、對大學設施的距離的滿意度、對房間安全的滿意、對房間大小的滿意、對宿舍安全的滿意度以及對宿舍設施的滿意度是預測大學生的最重要因素。
      For example Satisfaction with fees, Satisfaction with distance from university facilities, Satisfaction with room safety, Satisfaction with room size, Satisfaction with hostel security, and Satisfaction with hostel facilities are the most important factors which predict undergraduate students.
      對宿舍影響因素的滿意度:
      Satisfactions with hostel influencing factors:
      有關宿舍對學生生活影響的研究很多,其中大部分研究顯示宿舍對學生生活有積極和深遠的影響。以下是影響學生滿意度的因素。
      Many researches have been conducted on the impact of hostels on the life of students among which most of the researches showed a positive and a far reaching impact on students life. Following are the factors that influence the satisfaction level of students.
      Academic Challenges 學術挑戰
      據以往的研究表明,大多數住在大學宿舍/寄宿學校的學生面臨著許多學術挑戰。他們非常有能力,因為那里為他們提供了生活環境。調查還顯示,住在宿舍的學生每周花17個小時在家庭作業和學業上,而住在自己家里或不使用宿舍設施的其他學生每周花8至9個小時。這是一個令人滿意的因素,95%住在宿舍的學生都同意這一點。
      According to the previous researches it has been revealed that most of the students who live at university hostels/boarding schools face many academic challenges. They are very competent because of the living environment provided to them over there. It is also revealed that students that lives at hostels spend 17 hours a week on their home works and academic work where as other students who lives at their own home or not availing the facilities of hostel spends 8 to 9 hours a week. This is one of the satisfactory factor with which 95% of the students living at hostels are agreed.
      Time Productivity 時間生產力
      時間是一個非常重要的因素,大多數人對此保持好奇。大家都知道,時間已經過去了,不會再回來了。因此,有效地利用時間并非易事。大多數人一直在努力更好、更有成效地管理時間。住在宿舍里的學生更懂得如何花時間和富有成效地學習,因為他們接受的教育方式能夠培養他們的責任感。根據以前的研究,住在宿舍的學生在課外活動和學習上的時間是平等的。他們花在看電視和電腦上的時間更少,而花在繪畫、體育等其他活動上的時間更多。
      Time is a very important factor about which most of the people remain curious. As everyone knows that ones the time is over it won’t come back again. Therefore spending the time productively isn’t an easy task. Most of the people keep on trying to manage the time better and productively. Students living at hostel better know about how to spend a time and productively because they have been taught in such a way that it builds sense of responsibility in them. According to the previous researches students live at hostel spend their time equally in extracurricular activities and studies. They spend less time in watching television and computers and spend more in other activities like painting, sports etc.
      Personal Development 個人發展
      宿舍在塑造學生的價值觀和道德方面起著至關重要的作用。宿舍不僅注重提高學生的學術能力,還注重每個學生的個人發展。更具體地說,他們注重自律、成熟、自主和批判性思維技能。宿舍不僅提供住宿,而且其目標是使學生能夠勝任生活的各個方面。因此,對于大多數學生來說,這也是一個令人滿意的因素,因為他們是宿舍的一部分。
      Hostels play a vital role in shaping the values of the students and ethics. Hostels not only focus on making the student more competent in academics but also focus on the personal development of each student. More specifically they focus on their self-discipline, maturity, self-determination and critical thinking skills. Hostels not only provide accommodation but their objective is to make a student competent in each and every aspect of the life. Therefore this is also a satisfactory factor for most of the students for being the part of the hostels.
      Career Development 職業發展
      當學生學會如何獨立生活,如何應對特殊情況,以及在經歷艱難時期時學會壓力管理時,他們會變得更加職業化。宿舍生活為他們創造了這樣的能力和潛力,因為當他們進入市場尋找工作時,招聘人員會直接抓住他們。宿舍不僅為他們提供了發展個人技能和能力的機會,也為他們的職業生涯提供了幫助。              有更多的因素讓學生們對宿舍生活感到滿意,但最重要的因素已經在上面討論過了。這些因素都是從那些住在大學或學院宿舍的學生的角度來看的,而不是那些有自己住宿的學生。
      As students learn how to live independently and how to cope with the particular situation as well as they come to know about stress management as they go through a hard and tough time, they become more career oriented. Hostel life creates such abilities and potential in them because of which when they go into the market for searching jobs the recruiter take them at first hand. Hostel not only provides opportunity to develop their personal skills and abilities but also helps them for their career.
      There are many more factors that provide satisfaction to the students lives at hostel but most important of them has been discussed above. These all factors have been taking from the perspective of those students who lives at their university or college hostels not from those who have their own accommodation.
      INTRODUCTION 簡介
      The prime objective of Hostel is to provide the students with the necessary amenities to develop an integrated personality, besides providing a calm and peaceful atmosphere for students. The hostel can provide an environment that certainly provides self-confidence and instills discipline in the minds of students. The personal development of students could also be nurtured and supported through living in a community environment. The secondary objective of establishing hostel for students of Institute of business management is to provide them a Home away from their Home where they can feel some ease and put their best in academics. Our research has been divided into two groups of strata. This means the ones who live in Karachi but far away and the ones who live outside Karachi.
      We have conduct this research through survey and will ask the IoBM students that would they like to avail this facility (if provided) to them or not?
      RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 研究方法論
      SamplE design
      QUOTA TOTAL
      Students of IoBM: At least 60% long-route 100
      People (students)
      Students live in Karachi: 60% 60
      Students live outside Karachi: 40% 40
      Our population includes every student who lives in Karachi but little far away from IoBM and as well students who live outside Karachi. No age or gender limit is imposed. However to get a mature result, we would be targeting people above seventeen years of age.
      The above mentioned table shows how we have distributed the total transport users. We have set a quota that our respondents must contain at least 60% of the people who live in Karachi but little far away from IoBM and the remaining population should belong to some other areas of Pakistan. This quota is set because of the fact that they are the ones who are the most frequent users of such type of hostel facilities if provided to them.
      Because of many factors like time and control of work, we are keeping our sample size small. The total sample size is of 100 respondents. Moreover, we are not dividing the population geographic regions. Therefore, people from every part of the city have the equal participation opportunity.
      Research design 研究設計
      We selected survey methodology because it is quick and inexpensive. The cost of contacting the respondents is very low and respondents will contact randomly from classes, library, and activity centre of IoBM etc. Person-administered questionnaires were developed which are more accurate than face to face interviews in which many open ended answers would be given.
      A short and simple questionnaire was designed for this research. As our segment of the target audience includes students from IoBM only.
      Name and contact number of every respondent is recorded for the back checking of the data. This eliminates the most common researcher bias in which the field researchers cheat by self filling the questionnaires. We tried to keep things very transparent so that our course instructor or other concern authorities may any time randomly check our data collection efforts. This will eventually increased the credibility of our research findings.
      Data collection 數據收集
      Every group member worked as a field worker in carrying out the research. The female group members as well as male group members collected data from boys and girls. We wanted to make sure that there shouldn’t be any gender biasness involve in our research. We went and interviewed students from activity centre, library and etc. We tried our best to cover the students who live in all areas of Karachi and as well as outside Karachi.
      HYPOTHESIS 假設
      Null Hypothesis: Students of IoBM prefer the hostel facility.
      Alternative Hypothesis: Students of IoBM don’t prefer the hostel facility.
      DATA ANALYSIS 數據分析
      All of the questions were close ended except the remarks of the respondents. This made our analysis work much easier. We developed a complete database of all the hundred questionnaires in SPSS software.
      Limitations
      Initially, we thought to target 200 respondents. But then we realized that as the questionnaires are person-administered, so it will increase our time per respondent. That is why we restricted our sample size to 100 respondents.
      As the research is carried out by a group of six students, limited human resource definitely restricted us from covering a large sample size.
      This research is compiled under immense time pressure. Some more time might have improved the accuracy of this research.
      RESEARCH PROPOSAL 研究建議
      PROBLEM 問題
      The problem of the topic is that students who live far away from Korangi get chaotic and tired because of their long routes which tend to affect their performance. The law and order situation of Karachi is deteriorating day by day so many a times the students who live far away and in the areas which are not safe have to miss their classes as they are unable to reach university in strikes and calamities.
      Secondly, the students who live outside Karachi are hesitant to come to IoBM even after getting admission, because of the absence of hostel facility. So IoBM loses valuable students who can add to its prestige.
      So our research problem is “Should there be hostel facility for the students of IoBM”.
      OBJECTIVE 主要目標
      The prime objective of Hostel is to provide the students with the necessary amenities to develop an integrated personality, besides providing a calm and peaceful atmosphere for students.
      The personal development of students could also be nurtured and supported through living in a community environment.
      The secondary objective of establishing hostel for students of Institute of business management is to provide them a Home away from their Home where they can feel some ease and put their best in academics.
      DESIGN 設計
      Secondary Data: Google search engine, Jstor.com, Springerlink.com, Yahoo search engine.
      Primary Data: Descriptive Survey Research.
      SAMPLE 采樣
      Sampling quota: At least 80% long-route people (students)
      Students live in Karachi: 60
      Students live outside Karachi: 40
      QUESTIONNAIRE 問卷調查
      Language: English only (Because we are targeting only students of Iobm and therefore we don’t required multiple languages)
      No. of Questions: 15-18
      Variables:
      Positive Impact on Studies (Dependent Variable)
      Easeful routine (Dependent Variable)
      Hostel Facility (Independent Variable)
      Competency (Intervening Variable)
      Ease of registration (Moderating Variable)
      PROJECT MANAGEMENT 項目管理
      Members: 6 Researchers
      All students of MBR
      20 questionnaires per researcher
      Scheduling: Oct 20, 2010: Secondary data collection
      Oct 20, 2011: Questionnaire design
      Oct 30, 2010: Sampling & Quota setting
      Nov 1, 2010: Survey starting
      Nov 4, 2010: Collection & compilation of questionnaires
      Nov 6, 2010: Evaluating (results) studies variables
      Nov 17, 2010: Interpretation of results in meaningful forms.
      COSTING 成本核算
      For Questionnaire:
      No. of prints (P) = 100
      Total Pages (TP) = 200
      Cost per print page (CP) = 10
      Photocopy per page (PC) = 1 rupee
      2(TP) * 10(CP) = 20 rupees
      198(TP) * 1(PC) = 198
      Total Cost = Prints Cost + Photocopy Cost + Travelling Cost
      Total Cost = 20 + 198 + 150
      Total Cost of Questionnaires = 368
      For Report:
      No. of prints (P) = 38
      Cost per plane print = 10
      Cost per colored print = 15
      Total colored prints = 20
      Total plane prints = 17
      Colored Prints Cost = 20 * 15 = 300
      Plane prints Cost = 18 * 10 = 180
      480
      TOTAL COST:
      Questionnaire Cost + Report printing cost
      368 + 470
      850 approx.
      FINDINGS & ANALYSIS 調查結果與分析
      SECTION: A
      GENDER
      68.9% Male respondents
      31.1% Female Respondents
      68.9%
      31.1%
      Question: 1
      When asked about the residence of the respondents 40% replied that there permanent residence is outside Karachi and 60% claimed that they are permanent residential of Karachi.
      QUESTION: 2
      The permanent residential of Karachi are from diversified locations that can’t be calculated through SPSS
      QUESTION: 3
      When the respondents were asked about how they come to university in the sense of mode of transport than 61% respondents replied that they come through University’s own transport (University Van), 30% replied that they prefer their own conveyance to reach IoBM where as only 9% respondents claimed that that use public transport (Buses, Taxi or Rickshaw) to come to IoBM
      QUESTION: 4
      On asking about the time they spent in coming to IoBM 40% respondents claimed that it takes them an hour to reach university, 49% respondents claimed that it takes them 1-2 hours to reach IoBM where as 11% respondents claimed that it takes More than 2 hours to them to reach IoBM.
      QUESTION: 5
      On asking the question that how many of respondents from the sample of 100 would like to avail Hotel facility if IoBM provides? 41% respondents replied that they won’t like to avail such sort of facility but 59% replied in favor of availing such hostel facility if IoBM provides.
      SECTION: B (Only those people who want to avail Hostel Facility
      QUESTION: 6
      Among 59% respondents who want to avail hostel facility, 19.7% replied that hostel facility should be near IoBM whereas 80.3% respondents replied that it should be with in IoBM.
      QUESTION: 7
      63.9% respondents replied that the hostel should be only for students and 1.6% respondents replied that it should be only for faculty where as 34.4% respondents replied that it should be for both Students and Faculty
      QUESTION: 8
      On asking a question about the sharing of a room,18% respondents replied that there should be separate room for every person, 73.8% replied that 2 persons should share a room where as 8.2% respondents replied that the room should be shared by 4 or more people.
      QUESTION: 9
      On asking about the attached bath in a room, 82% agree that its essential, 18% replied that it is not essential whereas no one replied in no idea.
      QUESTION: 10
      On asking about the 24/7 security, 93.4% respondents agreed that its essential, 4.9% replied that they don’t have any idea about that whereas 1.6% replied that it isn’t essential.
      QUESTION: 11
      On asking about the Wi-Fi facility that should it be there 24/7; 83.6% respondents replied that yes its essential that there should be 24/7 Wi-Fi, 8.2% respondents don’t have any idea whereas 8.2% of respondents don’t feel that it’s essential.
      QUESTION: 12
      On asking about the Mess/Café facility, 93.4% respondents showed there interest that there must be a café, 3.3% respondents were with no ideas and 3.3% respondents don’t feel that its essential.
      QUESTION: 13
      On asking about the recreational facilities (i-e, Indoor games, gym and swimming pool), 67.2% respondents says that its essential, 11.5% have no idea where as 21.3% respondents don’t feel that it’s essential
      QUESTION: 14
      For knowing the impact of the hostel facility on students a question was asked that will hostel facility be helpful in providing learning environment, 80.3% respondents said yes its very helpful, 16.4% said that its somewhat helpful whereas only 3.3% respondents said that it will not really be helpful.
      QUESTION: 15
      On asking to what extent hostel facility would be helpful to you in extracurricular activities, 49.2% respondents replied that it will be very helpful, 41% replied it would be somewhat helpful whereas 9.8% respondents replied that it wouldn’t be really helpful.
      QUESTION: 16
      On asking about the impact of socializing in hostel facility ,72.1% respondents replied that it will be really helpful for them to socialize, 23% replied that it would be somewhat helpful whereas 4.9% replied that it wouldn’t be helpful
      QUESTION: 17
      On asking about the saving of travel time and cost due to hostel facility if provided, 83.6% respondents replied that such facility would be very helpful for them to save time and cost, 13.1% replied that they don’t have any idea where as 3.3% replied that it wouldn’t be that much helpful for them.
      QUESTION: 18
      On asking that will your parents allow you to live at hostel or avail hostel facility, 83.6% respondents replied that yes their parents will allow them to avail such sort of facility if provided but 16.4% respondents replied that they are not sure that whether their parents will allow them or not.
      QUESTION: 19
      On asking the question that what charges are you expecting per month of hostel facility, 63.9% respondents replied that it should cost 5000 per month, 23% replied that it should cost 8000 whereas 13.1% replied that it should cost 10000 per month for such facility.
      QUESTION: 20
      When a question was asked about the political interference in such sort of facility, 88.5% replied that No there shouldn’t be any sort of such interruption whereas 11.5% replied that Yes it should interfere.
      CONCLUSION 結論
      This research has shown some very enormous facts. Almost 59% of the students of IoBM want the hostel facility and out of those 59%, 80% of the students want to have this facility within the IoBM campus only, with a Wi-Fi facility, low-cost, no political interference, security should be good enough and also with a café facility.
      80% of the students said that the hostel facility will be helpful in providing them the learning environment, so that they could concentrate on their studies and should be able to perform well in this competitive environment.
      About 72% of the students also said that the hostel facility will also help them in socializing with other students and their fellow members and as well as with the management also.
      About 83% of the students responded that the hostel facility will reduce the travelling time and cost, which will eventually help them in giving more time to their studies and extracurricular activities.
      So, after analyzing all the questionnaires and the respondents answer to those questions, we can easily accept our null hypothesis and can easily conclude that the students of IoBM are willing to avail the hostel facility if IoBM provides it to them.
      This research has shown some very enormous facts. Almost 59% of the students of IoBM want the hostel facility and out of those 59%, 80% of the students want to have this facility within the IoBM campus only, with a Wi-Fi facility, low-cost, no political interference, security should be good enough and also with a café facility.
      80% of the students said that the hostel facility will be helpful in providing them the learning environment, so that they could concentrate on their studies and should be able to perform well in this competitive environment.
      About 72% of the students also said that the hostel facility will also help them in socializing with other students and their fellow members and as well as with the management also.
      About 83% of the students responded that the hostel facility will reduce the travelling time and cost, which will eventually help them in giving more time to their studies and extracurricular activities.
      So, after analyzing all the questionnaires and the respondents answer to those questions, we can easily accept our null hypothesis and can easily conclude that the students of IoBM are willing to avail the hostel facility if IoBM provides it to them.

      Business report格式范文顯示了一些非常巨大的事實。近59%的IoBM學生希望擁有宿舍設施,其中80%的學生希望僅在IoBM校園內擁有該設施,該設施具有Wi-Fi設施、低成本、無政治干擾、安全性足夠好以及咖啡館設施。Business report分析了所有問卷和受訪者對這些問題的回答之后,作者可以很容易地接受無效假設,并且可以很容易地得出結論,如果IoBM向他們提供住宿設施,IoBM的學生愿意使用。本站提供各國各專業Business report寫作指導服務,如有需要可咨詢本平臺。


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