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      Essay寫作格式規范解析「2021名師指導」

      時間:2021-07-27 09:56來源:www.nguoikontum.com 作者:Wilda 點擊:
      essay寫作格式規范需要注意哪些呢?對于很多同學而言,得到學術論文(academic essay)高分是件比較困難的事情。想要得到高分,首先要做的事情就是明晰什么樣的essay能獲得高分。因此,了解essay寫作規范是一件至關重要的準備工作。那essay寫作都有哪些格式規范呢?今天,小編從四個essay評判方向,分別是argument,organization,evidence和mechanic,為你解析在essay寫作過程中需要注意的格式規范,幫助你獲得滿意的成績。

      essay寫作規范

      一、Argument
         第一條essay評估標準就是argument.一篇優秀的essay一定會明確地告訴讀者:這篇essay想要表達什么樣的核心思想/論點(what it wants to say)?為什么會產生這樣的論點(why it wants to say it)?因此,在寫作的過程中,需要時刻注意,你寫的每一個段落都想給讀者表達什么觀點?你支持該論點的理由是什么?
         以一篇經濟類essay范文為例:Liquidity Has Been Known As The Ability

      Liquidity has been known as the ability of bank to fulfil their financial obligations when they come due. Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (1997) defined liquidity risk as the inability of bank to decrease in liabilities or fund up assets. A bank with insufficient liquidity is unable convert its asset into fund promptly without a huge reduction on the assets price.
       
      A bank which maintaining high liquidity is always welcomed by regulators as the illiquidity of bank assets has been considered as causes of banking failure (Financial Services Authority, 2002). Indeed, the increases in liquidity make banks less vulnerable to liquidity shock and therefore promote the creditworthiness of banks to higher level. A higher creditworthiness of bank could consider as an advantage to attract more demand deposit and accept more loans.
       
      Nevertheless, an earlier study of Wagner (2007) provided that an increasing in liquidity of banks not only change their stability but change their behaviours toward risk taking as well. The increasing in liquidity does improve the stability and profit of banks initially. However, it does not affect the probability of default as overall. The main reason is when a bank increases liquidity, it makes a crisis less costly for bank as well. A higher liquidity could be considered as reduction in the discount if bank loan needs to be sold in crisis. Therefore, banks tend to increase risk taking in order to gain higher profit. Meanwhile, the high stability advantage has been offset by new risks.
       
      Diamond and Rajan (1999) explained the bank role of bank as a liquidity provider to the depositor through liquidity creation. Liquid creation is essential in order to fulfill demand of liquidity by depositor at an inconvenient time and prevent a fire sale due to inadequate of liquidity. Banks lend out the fund it received from depositor and lend out to entrepreneur to earn interest profit. However, loans are considered as partial liquidity assets due to its low sale price before maturity. The liquidity risk arise when bank need funds to fulfill their financial obligation. In order to finance a large project with huge amount of money, bank could become intermediaries, whom called as banker. The banker can transform the illiquid loans into more liquid demand deposit (Diamond and Dybvig, 1983). The project would be financed by many banks or depositors. If any depositor has liquidity needs, the banker can refinance by issuing new demand deposits. Further, the conversion of illiquid loans into demand deposit could be considered as a shield to borrowers since it provides liquidity for both lender and borrower.
       
      Previous studies seldom focused on the impact of liquidity towards bank performance. This research study is therefore focus on the impact of liquidity towards performance of Malaysia Commercial bank.
          在該篇essay的標題,作者明確表示了本篇essay的核心論點:流動性被認為是一種能力(Liquidity)。在作者的introduction中,第一句就再次點明了本篇標題。在introduction最后一句話也進一步說明本篇essay將具體論述什么核心論點(on the impact of liquidity towards performance of Malaysia Commercial bank.)。此外,第二段說明了為什么流動性是一種能力(A bank which maintaining high liquidity is always welcomed by regulators as the illiquidity of bank assets has been considered as causes of banking failure)。第三段引用早期對于流動性利弊的研究,之后論述增強流動性具體會帶來哪些影響(改變銀行的穩定性和風險承擔行為)。
       
      二、Organization

         一篇優秀的essay在organization上指得是‘每一段都以一種連貫的方式來支持主要論點,并且有清晰的過渡,即指出了為什么每一個新段落都跟隨著前一段。’仍然以Liquidity Has Been Known As The Ability這篇essay為例:
      A bank which maintaining high liquidity is always welcomed by regulators as the illiquidity of bank assets has been considered as causes of banking failure (Financial Services Authority, 2002). Indeed, the increases in liquidity make banks less vulnerable to liquidity shock and therefore promote the creditworthiness of banks to higher level. A higher creditworthiness of bank could consider as an advantage to attract more demand deposit and accept more loans.
       
      Nevertheless, an earlier study of Wagner (2007) provided that an increasing in liquidity of banks not only change their stability but change their behavior toward risk taking as well. The increasing in liquidity does improve the stability and profit of banks initially. However, it does not affect the probability of default as overall. The main reason is when a bank increases liquidity, it make a crisis less costly for bank as well. A higher liquidity could be considered as reduction in the discount if bank loan need to be sold in crisis. Therefore, banks tend to increase risk taking in order to gain higher profit. Meanwhile, the high stability advantage has been offset by new risks.
         該essay的目的是研究流動性有哪些影響,那么第一段說明流動性對于銀行有哪些有利的影響,而第二段用nevertheless進行轉折說明流動性對于銀行有哪些不利影響及成因。這兩段的自然過渡體現了作者批判性的寫作結構。

      三、Evidence
         Evidence指得是一篇優秀的essay能夠有具體的例子來支撐作者的觀點或立場。同時,還能說明這些例子的來源及重要性。例如,‘Nevertheless, an earlier study of Wagner (2007) provided that an increasing in liquidity of banks not only change their stability but change their behavior toward risk taking as well. ’所舉的案例是Wagner在2007年的研究。引用這篇研究的作用是為了說明作者的觀點‘The increasing in liquidity does improve the stability and profit of banks initially. However, it does not affect the probability of default as overall.’。

      四、Mechanics
        
      好的essay在Mechanics上體現在正確的拼寫和標點符號;準確的引用格式;規范化的語法和合理的措辭等。因此,在寫完全篇essay之后,需要多多檢查這些格式上的問題。

      essay寫作規范

         以上就是essay寫作格式規范的解析,說明了什么樣的文章算是一篇優質essay。相信大家看完這些規范及示例后能夠更有信心地寫好一篇essay。寫出一篇優質高分的essay需要在argument,organization, evidence和mechanics上有卓越的表現。因此,想在essay上得高分仍然是有些困難得。不過,本平臺會為大家提供卓越的專業指導,幫助你渡過essay寫作難關,更輕松地獲取高分。歡迎咨詢本平臺,我們將為大家的學業助一臂之力,更輕松地取得理想成績!


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