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      澳洲essay范文:Australia Becoming Involved In World War 1

      時間:2021-08-06 09:36來源:www.nguoikontum.com 作者:cinq 點擊:
      澳洲essay怎么寫?以下就是一篇簡短的澳洲essay范文,主題是澳大利亞卷入第一次世界大戰,通過各類歷史文獻,研究分析第一次世界大戰是如何改變澳大利亞社會和經濟等各方面,以及澳洲婦女在第一次世界大戰中發揮了巨大作用。本文是一篇澳洲留學生History Essay范文,對于目前正在澳洲留學的學生來說一篇值得參考的留學生作業格式范文。
      澳洲essay范文
      澳洲essay范文
      1914年10月,澳大利亞卷入了改變澳大利亞的第一次世界大戰。澳大利亞的婦女除了照顧家庭外,還有更多的角色。他們得到了幫助服務國家的機會,他們還成立了幫助戰爭的組織。休斯允許婦女在征兵公投中投票。休斯向澳大利亞引入征兵制,稱這是讓更多軍隊參戰的唯一途徑。第一次世界大戰也影響了澳大利亞的經濟。物價大幅度上漲,各大城市因普通工人趕不上物價上漲而多次罷工降價。40多萬人自愿參戰。其中65%的人被殺、傷或俘虜,這一比例高于澳大利亞的其他盟國加拿大、英國和新西蘭。澳大利亞于1901年成為一個國家,戰后終于得到承認。
      In October 1914, Australia became involved in World War 1 which changed Australia. The women in Australia had more roles besides taking care of the family. They were offered opportunities to help serve the country and they also founded organizations which helped with the war. Hughes allowed women to vote in the referendum for conscription. Hughes introduced conscription to Australia, saying it was the only way to get more troops to go to war. World War 1 also affected Australia’s economy. Prices were raised greatly and there were many strikes in major cities to lower the prices because ordinary classes workers couldn’t keep up with the raised prices. More than 400,000 men volunteered to go to war. 65% of them were either killed, wounded or captured which was higher than any other Australia’s allies, Canada, Britain and New Zealand. Australia became a nation in 1901 and was finally recognized after the war.
      婦女在第一次世界大戰中在國內前線發揮了巨大作用。他們管理自己的家庭,許多人成為護士和其他職責,這有助于軍事服務。婦女成為廚師、擔架手和翻譯。戰爭使婦女在沒有丈夫支持的情況下照顧家庭。婦女可以從事各種各樣的工作,因為男子在戰爭中,婦女可以自愿為戰爭作出貢獻。澳大利亞婦女服務團(AWSC)成立于1916年,有幾名婦女加入。他們在前線執行不涉及戰斗的任務。他們當過救護車司機、廚師和護士。婦女沒有受到重視,國防部也不希望婦女參與戰爭,因為進入勞動大軍的婦女是危險的,她們短期工作,因為男子會從戰爭中回來,這樣她們就可以奪回自己的工作。有幾個組織;其中一個是由總督夫人創建的,被命名為“英國紅十字會澳大利亞分會”。她是俱樂部的主席,組織致力于獲得捐款。人們不想任命護士,因為他們認為婦女跟不上戰爭的要求。第一次世界大戰期間,澳大利亞陸軍護理局允許婦女在海外提供幫助。他們為戰爭中的人們清洗傷口并提供援助。戰爭給了婦女一個為澳大利亞服務的機會,她們做慈善工作和籌款。澳大利亞紅十字會成立于1914年,主要由中產階級婦女組成。紅十字會為士兵們募捐“慰問箱”。舒適的盒子里裝著女士編織的襪子和圍巾。婦女經歷了戰爭帶來的悲傷,婦女也反對戰爭,也反對實行征兵制。      
      Women played huge roles in World War 1 at the home front. They managed their family and many became nurses and other duties which contributed to the military services. Women became cooks, stretcher bearers and interpreters. The war caused women to take care of their family without support from their husband. Women were open to a variety of jobs as the men were at the war and there were voluntary work for women to contribute to the war. The Australian Women’s Service Corps (AWSC) was formed in 1916 and several women joined. They performed tasks at the battle front that didn’t involve combat. They worked as ambulance drivers, cooks and nurses. Women weren’t taken seriously and the Defence Department didn’t want women to involve in the war as it was dangerous Women who entered the work force were working short-term as the men would come back from the war so they could take back their job. There were several organizations; one was created by the wife of the Governor-General, which was named the ‘Australian Branch of the British Red Cross Society’. She was the president of the club and the organization was focused on gaining donations. People didn’t want to appoint nurses as they thought women couldn’t keep up with the war’s demands. The Australian Army Nursing Service allowed women to help during World War 1 overseas. They cleaned wounds and provided aid to men in war. War gave women an opportunity to serve Australia and they did charity work and fundraising. The Australian Red Cross was founded in 1914 by mainly middle-class women. The Red Cross raised money for “comfort boxes” for the soldiers. Comfort boxes contain knitted socks and scarves which women knitted. Women experienced sadness from the war, women also campaigned against the war and also, against the introduction of conscription.
      征兵制度迫使公民應征入伍。1916年,英國首相休斯(Hughes)推行征兵制,以征集更多的軍隊參加第一次世界大戰。休斯之所以要推行征兵制,是因為他需要一支全副武裝的軍隊。1915年,安德魯·費舍爾辭去首相職務,由比利·休斯接任。他是一個堅定的戰爭領袖。有許多人不愿意加入,因為他們反對戰斗。休斯需要5萬名新兵,但自愿參軍的人并不多,因此在1916年,休斯除了實行征兵制外,再也不知道如何招募更多的人。在澳大利亞民族主義者的海報中,它顯示如果實行征兵制,那么一些孩子就會失去父親。這顯示了征兵對家庭的影響。資料來源3顯示,一個孩子告訴他的母親對征兵投反對票,因為這會影響到他們。休斯舉行全民公決,支持他推行征兵制的想法。許多人同意他的想法,但更多的人同意不實行征兵制的想法。49%的人同意征兵,51%的人反對征兵。第二年,休斯想再舉行一次全民公決,再次嘗試實行征兵制,但這次,更多的人以更大的優勢反對征兵制。有些婦女不贊成征兵。資料來源1顯示了女性是如何不贊成的。標語上寫著:“我養兒子不是為了當兵。”曼尼克斯大主教也不希望引入征兵制。他希望澳大利亞在戰爭中取得成功,在沒有征兵的情況下實現和平。休斯總理舉行了全國公投,允許婦女投票。”歷史上第一次,女性的聲音是直接談論任何社區都可能面臨的最大問題。“休斯征兵的理由是,這將影響澳大利亞的未來,而且,作為盟國的英國、新西蘭和加拿大正在派遣更多的部隊,所以澳大利亞也應該這樣做。消息來源2要求澳大利亞人投票反對征兵。它將這次公投稱為“死亡投票”,這表明如果選民選擇“是”,那么他們將把投票權交給選民
      Conscription is forcing citizens to enlist in joining the army. In 1916, the Prime Minister, Hughes introduced conscription to gather more troops to fight in World War 1. Hughes wanted to introduce Conscription because he needed to have an army with full strength. In 1915, Andrew Fisher resigned as the prime minister and the job was taken by Billy Hughes. He was a determined war leader. There were many men whom were unwilling to join as they opposed to fighting. Hughes wanted 50000 new troops but not many men volunteered so in 1916, Hughes knew no other method to recruit more men but to introduce Conscription. In the Australian Nationalists poster, it shows that if conscription is introduced, then some children would lose their father. This shows how conscription could affect families. Source 3 shows a child telling his mother to vote “No” for conscription as it will affect them. Hughes held a referendum to support his idea to introduce conscription. Many people agreed to his idea but a little more people agreed to the idea of not introducing conscription. 49% agreed to conscription and 51% opposed to conscription. The next year Hughes wanted to hold another referendum to, once again, try and introduce conscription but this time, more people opposed to conscription by a larger margin. Some women didn’t approve of conscription. Source 1 shows how women didn’t approve of it. The slogan saying, “I didn’t raise my son to become a soldier.” Archbishop Mannix also didn’t want conscription to be introduced. He hoped that Australia would be successful in the war and have peace without conscription. Prime Minister Hughes held the national referendum, allowing women to vote. “For the first time in history the voice of woman is to speak directly on the greatest question that can confront any community.” Hughes’s reasons for conscription was because it would affect the future of Australia and also, Britain, New Zealand and Canada, who are the allies, are sending more troops so Australia should do so as well. Source 2 is asking Australians to vote “No” to conscription. It called the referendum the “Death Ballot” which shows that if voters choose yes, then they are putting the men of Australia in danger and possible death.
      World War 1 had a great effect on Australia’s economy. Australia had to cancel trade agreements with Germany and as a result, industries such as the steel making industry had to have contracts with German rivals. Wool, wheat and meat were made sure to be shipped to Britain to help them with the war. The government passed a law which allowed them to take wheat and wool harvests. There became shortages in the items and they were sold at a very high price in which ordinary classed workers couldn’t cope with and it lead to major strikes. Whole wool prices raised by 55% and in 1915, no wool was available to Britain from Russia. To solve the worker’s strikes, the commonwealth had war loans and peace loans. During the war, international shipping of materials and products were disrupted and the imports to Australia were reduced. Australia began to manufacture their own industry as a result of the disruption of imports to Australia. The war, though, removed competition because after the war ended, more than 400 new products were introduced to Australia.
      There were several influences from World War 1 to the home front. Women became more involved in the nation and there were opportunities offered to women to help serve the nation. Jobs were given to women because the men were away and organizations were created by women to give aid to the men in the war. Conscription was introduced by Billy Hughes, the prime minister of Australia. It was because of lack of troops volunteering to fight for Australia. Two referendums were held to vote on whether to allow conscription and for both referendums, majority of Australia vote “No” on allowing conscription. It was also the first time women were allowed to vote. Finally, Australia’s economy was affected and the prices of items such as wool and meat raised by a large margin, leaving the ordinary classed workers unable to cope with the price rises. Workers had a strike which the government had to solve by loaning money off their allies. After the war, there were less competition though, and more than 400 new products were introduced to Australia.
      從第一次世界大戰開始,對國內前線產生了一些影響。婦女更多地參與國家事務,婦女有機會為國家服務。婦女得到工作是因為男人不在,婦女建立了一些組織來幫助戰爭中的男人。征兵制度是由澳大利亞總理比利休斯提出的。這是因為缺少志愿為澳大利亞而戰的軍隊。舉行了兩次全民公決,就是否允許征兵進行投票,在這兩次全民公決中,澳大利亞多數人對允許征兵投了反對票。這也是第一次允許婦女投票。最后,澳大利亞的經濟受到影響,羊毛和肉類等物品的價格大幅上漲,使得普通工人無法應對價格上漲。工人們舉行了罷工,政府不得不向他們的盟友借錢來解決罷工問題。戰后,競爭減少了,400多種新產品被引進澳大利亞。

      澳洲essay如上文中所展示的那樣,雖然簡短,但是邏輯清晰,內容全面。通過文獻閱讀,分析總結澳洲從第一次世界大戰開始,對國內前線產生了一些影響。本站提供多國留學生essay寫作指導服務,如有需要可咨詢本平臺。


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